RAN Technology

The Sonar MR-3 mobile receiver


Vintage Ham Radio 0 Comments 11/01/2021 

a literal "handful" of radio!

Posted By: Robert Nickels (ranickels)


The Sonar Radio Corp.  of Brooklyn NY is a well-known manufacturer of Ham, CB, and Marine Band radios over a period of several decades, and it's products were always well engineered and of good quality.    But despite several attempts, it's ham radio products never really managed to excite hams enough to plunk down their hard-earned cash.   The SRT series of transmitters in the late 40s were just another offering in the crowded post-war field when many hams turned to cheap surplus gear to get on the air.   Sonar also placed an unsuccessful bet on narrow-band FM in a couple of their exciters.    Later the company would try again with mono and multi-band SSB transceivers that evidently were even less popular, judging by their scarcity today.

But in the early 50s, Sonar produced a cool little mobile receiver that by all rights should have been a big hit - but wasn't.   The MR-3 is a literal handful of a receiver, packing a three-band superhet into a cube less than six inches on a side!   To accommodate the compact size, coverage was limited to four of the most popular bands for mobile operation:  10-11, 20, and 75 meters.    All that was required is an antenna, speaker, 6 volts for the filaments and 2-300 volts B+ which could easily come from a vibrator supply.      A later version swapped the 10-11 meter band for 40 meters, which may have been due to the performance of a single-conversion receiver on the higher frequency.

There are 8 tubes including two IF stages, a 6AQ5 audio stage and a voltage regulator to stabilize the tuning.   ANL and BFO switches were provided on the front panel but no BFO adjustment.   I had to increase the BFO injection level but the tuning mechanism is stable enough to demodulate SSB and CW signals on 75 meters, even though the IF bandwidth is way too wide for usable reception (at least 10 kHz).    But that makes for nice sounding AM on an uncrowded band which is where I'll be using it on the various AM nets.

I have two MR-3s but as the photos show, one has been modified extensively.   I wasn't aware how extensive when I bought it on eBay but upon inspection it became clear that someone had gone to a lot of effort to convert what was a so-so 3-band receiver into a pretty good dual-conversion 10-11 meter receiver.  I suspect the original performance was pretty poor, so if 10-11 meters was of primary interest, this mod makes some sense.

The bandswitch and associated tuning coils for the other bands was removed entirely and a new chassis plate was installed to allow for new components and wiring.  The ANL and BFO were removed and the 12AT7 tube that was originally the BFO and RF Amp became the new first converter which produced an output around 11 MHz.    The original oscillator was retuned to this frequency, and the 500 KHz IF was retuned to 455 for some reason,    The result is a stable receiver fo 10-11 meters, that's not what I wanted!

I found another MR-3 on an online auction and it proved to be unmodified and in good condition, but missing a couple of tubes and non-working.   I was able to obtain a copy of the manual from Surplus Sales of Nebraska which helped get it going.  Even though the circuit isn't complicated, the small space meant components were layered in so densely that the schematic really helped figure out what was what.

Performance isn't great but it's certainly good enough for casual use, and 5uV sensitivity is adequate to hear every station that is likely to hear a low powered mobile signal.  Audio quality is good with a decent sized speaker and good bandspread is provided, although separating AM and SSB signals requires human assistance due to the wide bandpass of the IF.  With only two tuned circuits it's about as selective as the typical small AM BC radio, which is still 'good enough" for the intended use.

So why didn't the MR-3 sell better than it apparently did?     At $90 in 1952-3 it was expensive for one thing.  The mobile bug hadn't yet bitten most hams, but when it did the Gonset converters which could be purchased for half the price and easily wired up to take advantage of an existing car radio became the most popular choice.   Homebrewing a simple converter was well within the skills of a typical ham back then as well, and $90 was serious money in 1953 when the average US worker brought home $3,200 a year.

Sonar's MR-3 sales also had to be hurt by the lack of a companion transmitter.   Which is odd, considering that the company had experience with transmitters and the MR-3 was one of their first receiver designs.   Clearly when Multi Elmac came out with it's mobile pair - the A-54 and PMR-6 a few years later they quickly became the industry leader, along with Gonset and later, with competition from Morrow which didn't make much of an impact, and Heathkit, which did.   About the time AM mobile operation in the US peaked in the late 50s,  citizens band radio also became an option and Sonar was one of the early companies to provide CB radio equipment.   That time their instinct was correct as Sonar became a leading manufacturer of class D CB radios for most of the next decade.  The company also expanded into business and VHF radios including DF receivers and pocket-size VHF monitor radios into the 1970s.

And those mono-band ham  transceivers!   If you know of one for sale, please let me  know...


    Visitors to the Elgin National Historic area along the Fox River in Elgin Illinois may not realize they are at the site of a famous shortwave radio station - W9XAM - the time signal station operated by the Elgin Watch Company.Elgin was the only watch company maintaining an observatory that observed, recorded and broadcasted time from the stars correct to the hundredths of a second. Located a...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  05/09/2022 
  

The Mosley Commando II

Made in England and scarce even there
Category: Vintage Ham Radio
The Mosley CM-1 receiver is quite well known and not especially hard to find in the US even though it was the only radio produced by the company that has been well-known for antennas since 1939.   Or is it...?A full-page ad (advert for you on the other side of the pond) appeared in the RSGB Bulletin in 1963 for a nice looking and very capable SSB transmitter called the "Commando II&...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  04/15/2022 
   I'm not ready to publish a description of exactly HOW it works, but 20 minutes effort with scissors and tape produced a prototype  Droplet Energy Generator that allows me to say for sure that IT WORKS!I duplicated the design shown in this video.   I wrapped a scrap of plastic in aluminum foil, then applied a strip of double-sided tape and to that attached a piece of PTFE thread-...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/30/2022 
   When I was first licensed in the 1960s in Nebraska, two groups of hams were commonly heard on the air before those with jobs got off work - other teens like me and the disabled hams.   Some of my earliest Novice ham buddies were blind students at the Nebraska School for the Blind in Nebraska City, and there were many other visually-impaired hams, all of whom were exceptional operators, e...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/21/2022 
   Old style mica capacitors were used in the pi-net matching sections of several vintage transmitters and the combination of age, heat, and high RF currents have made them likely failure items.   My Collins 32V-2 transmitter was to the point where it would not properly load to full power on 75 meters so something had to be done.   Mica capacitors are no longer made but fortunately new...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/19/2022 
   I found myself wanting to convert various frequencies to other frequencies and wanted a cheap and easy solution, so I designed a simple "universal converter" using the NE-602 and a programmable oscillator from Epson.  I'd used the same combination in hundreds of "RANVerter" SDR Upconverter projects since my Dec. 2013 QST article and knew that while there were limitatio...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/17/2022 
   It's always a challenge to hold PC boards during assemly and testing.  After purchasing a magnetic holder from Amazon  I realized I wanted more and could easily make as many as I wanted using inexpensive 3 mm hardware from eBay and some strong "fridge magnets".     All that's needed is to epoxy a standoff to the magnet - both tapped and threaded ...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/09/2022 
   The Si5351 has been the biggest boon to homebrewers since the invention of the NE-602, especially now that quartz crystals are essentially obsolete.   But it's redundant to run the output of the 5351 through a johnson counter to develop the quadrature signals required for QSD/QSE SDR front-ends when there are three clock outputs available and the IC allows for phase offsets. &nb...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/09/2022 
   It's pretty well accepted that the Pacemaker was not EF Johnson's finest effort.   In fact it was the first of several failed attempts by the King of the AM Transmitters to make the transition to SSB.    In the end, it was the rise of CB popularity that kept the company viable, along with its component business, while their ham business gradually faced away. &...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  03/03/2022 
   LTC William L. Howard amassed a collection and in fact realized his dream of creating a museum that showcased the Army's technical intelligence operations - and a lot more.  The following excerpt was written by Col. Howard and Todd KA1KAQ:William L HowardI first got interested in radio while a Cub Scout back in 1954. I built the crystal radio set and the one tube set with help from an ama...  READ MORE
- Robert Nickels (ranickels),  02/18/2022 

VIEW News Item

Announcing the W9DYV Radio Society

honoring SSB pioneer Wes Schum W9DYV
VIEW News Item

Hamfests Return!

A quick look at the Wauseon OH swap on June 6, 2020
VIEW News Item

Making A Transistor Radio

in memory of Rev. George Dobbs G3RJV (SK)
VIEW News Item

Wes Schum, Amateur Radio's Unsung Hero

new book released, available on Amazon
VIEW News Item

Soviet Spy Radio found in forest

(oh yeah, I put that there...I'll take it now thanks!)

(There are currently no Blogs.)